This article summarizes what to look for in an EV home charging station, the process for an EV charger installation, and overall what steps you need to take to get your home ev charging station set-up
If you just purchased, or are planning to purchase, an electric vehicle (EV), then you will need to arrange for home charging. Per the Department of Energy, over 80% of EV drivers charge at home. This is because charging at home overnight is very practical and is similar to charging your phone. With a home EV charging station, you’ll wake up to a 100% charged battery, ready for the day!
Here are the six steps for an EV charger installation at your home:
- Identify the 240V Outlet Location
- Purchase the Home EV Charger
- Hire an Electrician or Utilize Existing Infrastructure for the EV Charging Station Installation
- Switch Electric Rate Schedule to Time-of-Use
- Apply to Rebates and Claim Tax Credits
- Share Your Story with Family and Friends
Once done, you’ll be ready to easily charge your electric car!
Step One: Identify the 240V Outlet Location
The first step in planning for your electric car charging station is to identify the location that would make most sense for your 240V outlet to be installed, hopefully close to where you would park your EV overnight. In many cases you could already have an installed 240v outlet currently in use by your electric dryer, learn more here about how you can save money on installation costs by sharing that existing dryer outlet with your EV charger.
Ideally, it is best to install the 240V outlet as close to the electrical panel as possible to reduce electric car installation costs. However, given the EV’s port location, you may need to install the outlet in a different location so that the charger plug can reach the port. For reference, most home EV charger cords are around 15 feet.
Your local electrician can be of assistance with this step if you need further support. Feel free to visit Qmerit to find the best-priced electrician for you.
Step Two: Purchase the Home EV Charger
There are several different electric car chargers out there. Each containing a number of different features such as smart/Wi-Fi capability, charging scheduling, cord length, and power output.
Lucky for you many electric cars now a days already come with a 240V mobile charger like Tesla's mobile connector which can save you money and provide the charging you need.
In the case your EV doesn't come with a level 2 charger, no matter what, we always recommend looking for a charger that has a UL listing. This third-party safety certification ensures consumer safety to the highest level. There are a lot of cheap chargers found on Amazon. It may be tempting, however, those devices may not have been thoroughly tested and could be defective after a short time. Buyer beware.
It is also important to do a little research to ensure you buy a charger that fits your needs. Some chargers have a lot of bells and whistles. Depending on your preferences, you may not need the most sophisticated charger.
In addition to safety, it is recommended to select a 240 volt (V) capable EV home charger. This type of charger, commonly known as a Level 2 charger, can provide around 25 miles of range per hour of charging.
A few chargers we recommend:
- Tesla Mobile Connector
- ClipperCreek's LCS-20, LCS-30, HCS-40, or HCS-50 (depending on what your outlet is rated for)
- Wallbox Pulsar Plus 40A
- JuiceBox 40 Plug in
The cost for a Level 2 charger is typically around $400-600, however, there is currently the Federal Alternative Fuel Infrastructure Tax Credit for 30% of the total installation cost or $1,000, whichever is less. Therefore, considering the tax credit, the cost of these chargers will be around $280-420.
Step Three: Hire an Electrician or Utilize Existing Infrastructure for the EV Charging Station Installation
The next step is to evaluate if an electrician is needed. If there is an existing 240V outlet nearby your parking area, you are in luck and do not need to hire an electrician. The 240V Smart Splitter simply acts as an intelligent 240V power strip that plugs into any existing 240V outlet in the home and allows for easy power-sharing with two appliances, an appliance and an EV, or even two EV’s.
The Smart Splitter intelligently switches power to the device in need, whether that is the home EV charger, electric dryer, or electric welder. Simply put, because of the Smart Splitter, there is no need for an electrician, new circuit, outlet, circuit breaker, or even expensive electric panel upgrades. With the use of the Smart Splitter, you can save hundreds of dollars on your home EV charging station installation cost!
If there is no existing infrastructure, then you will need to hire an electrician. Like any home project, is it highly recommended to receive at least three proposals before selecting a contractor to ensure you receive the best price.
In addition, it could be helpful to hire an electrician who has experience with electric car charger installations. Furthermore, it could be a good idea to not disclose which EV you have as there have been a number of homeowners who have received higher prices due to what’s being called a “Tesla Tax”. Instead, simply show them the charger you purchased and ask for the corresponding 240V outlet. There are many different types of 240V outlets, therefore, it is required to use the specific outlet that the charger you purchased is compatible with. In most cases, you will need a NEMA 14-50 outlet (see image above).
So, how much does it cost to install an EV charger? Costs can vary widely depending on a number of factors such as the distance from the electrical panel from the garage, market rates, conduit need, number of wall penetrations, amperage of circuit breakers, need for electrical panel upgrades, and type of EV charger.
For a rough estimate, a Level 2 charger installation will cost around $800 to $4,000. Fortunately, you can reduce that number by hundreds of dollars by utilizing the 240V NeoCharge Smart Splitter . With the Smart Splitter, you can utilize existing electrical wiring and outlets, which can greatly cut costs. You can read more about the Smart Splitter and home EV charger installation costs here!
Step Four: Switch Electric Rate Schedule to Time-of-Use
One of the many perks of owning and driving an EV is that they are cheaper than gas powered cars. EV drivers are able to save on “fueling” costs because they almost always charge at home where electricity is much cheaper than gas at a gas station.
One way to save additional money is to sign up for Time of Use (TOU) rates with the electric utility company. Most utility companies offer TOU rate schedules to customers as a way to decrease energy usage during peak hours.
TOU typically have two different rates, one for off-peak and one for peak. Off-peak hours are generally during the morning, early afternoon, and overnight. During off-peak hours, electricity rates are lower.
Peak hours are generally during the afternoon and early evening. This is when the grid is used the most. In an effort to dissuade people from over-utilizing the grid, rates during peak hours are more expensive.
Fortunately for EVs, charging occurs overnight. Therefore, EVs can take full advantage of cheap electricity thanks to TOU. Ask your electric utility company to change your rate schedule to TOU once you get your first electric car.
Step Five: Apply for Rebates and Claim Tax Credits
In addition to the many available rebates and tax credits for the purchase of an EV, there are also several programs for home charging stations. Depending on your location, there could be rebates to cover some or all of the cost to get a home charging station installed.
Furthermore, as previously mentioned, there is a federal tax credit for 30% or $1,000, whichever is less. This tax credit will be claimed during the following year during tax season. Currently, the tax credit is set to end by the end of 2021. Lastly, be sure to check with your tax professional to ensure you can claim the tax credit.
Step Six: Share Your Story with Family and Friends
Finally, once your home EV charger is installed, it’s time to share your EV story with friends and family! There are already thousands of EV drivers with many more prospective buyers. With your experience, they too can join the clean transportation movement.
As you may have experienced, charging is a barrier to making the switch to an electric car. Many individuals may be unsure of how exactly they will charge the car. After getting your 240V outlet installed for home charging, you can share really how simply charging an electric car is.
And as previously mentioned, charging an EV overnight is just like your phone. With your help, once they make this connection, they’ll move one step closer to making the switch to electric. And the more EV drivers there are, the cleaner the air gets!